Here are the essentials of a home emergency preparedness kit.
- Water: You will need one gallon per person per day for at least three days. Double up if you live in a very hot climate, have young kids, or are nursing.
- Food: Plan for at least a three-day supply of non-perishables and a can opener. Make sure to pack protein, fruit, and vegetables and store food in pest-proof containers.
- Flashlights and extra batteries
- First-aid supplies
- Sanitation and hygiene supplies: Pack moist towelettes in sealed packets, paper towels, toilet paper, garbage bags, and plastic ties. More good options are travel-size shampoo, toothpaste/toothbrush, and deodorant.
- Radio or TV: You will definitely want a portable, battery- or crank-operated radio or television and extra batteries.
- Cash: Have at least $100 in your kit.
As an alternative to making your own kit, you can buy a fully stocked kit from the American Red Cross. A kit with a three-day supply of essentials for one adult costs $50 to $70.